Adverse Effects Of Diabetes During Pregnancy

Adverse Effects Of Diabetes During Pregnancy


Diabetes is a health condition when the body is unable to produce enough insulin. The insulin hormone is extremely essential that helps the sugar to enter the cells of our body so that it can be used as fuel. This glucose builds up in the blood among diabetic patients because it is unable to enter the cells.

If you’re suffering from pregestational or gestational diabetes then you must consult a qualified gynae doctor in Siliguri who will be providing you the required assistance and treatment options during the pregnancy period. With proper treatment, you can control the adverse effects of diabetes on your and your baby’s health. 

Here are some of the most common effects of diabetes during pregnancy. 

Health Complications Of The Mother 

1. Future diabetes

The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is higher among patients suffering from gestational diabetes. If you develop future diabetes, then you get exposed to various health complications such as heart attack, eye problems, gum disease, and kidney problems. 

2. High Blood Pressure

Gestational diabetes also enhances the risks of preeclampsia and high blood pressure. If you develop high blood pressure during pregnancy then it may impose serious dangers to you and your baby’s health. Placental abruption, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, organ damage, and other cardiovascular diseases are some of the complications associated with preeclampsia. 

3. C-section

The chances of having a C-section delivery increase with gestational diabetes. This increases your recovery period and it can also have some other health complications if proper post-surgery care is not taken. Some of the complications include urinary tract infections, blood loss, chronic pain, blood clots, and a longer period of hospitalization. 

4. Postpartum Hemorrhage

There is also an association of postpartum hemorrhage with gestational diabetes. If you’re suffering from postpartum hemorrhage then it can lead to excessive bleeding during vaginal delivery. To reduce the risks of this health complication, you must adopt a suitable treatment plan for diabetes by visiting a gynecologist hospital in Siliguri

Health Complications Of The Baby 

1. Trouble Breathing

Gestational diabetes can lead to the development of a higher amount of insulin in the baby’s system and this can become a barrier to lung development. The developmental issue in the lungs can cause respiratory distress in the baby. 

2. Birth injury And Defects 

The difficulties in delivery and the larger weight of the baby due to gestational diabetes increase the risk of birth injury. Additionally, diabetes mothers also often give birth to babies with defects in the blood vessels, urinary system, brain, heart, and digestive system. In some serious situations, it can also lead to stillbirth. 

3. Macrosomia

Diabetic mothers often have too much sugar in the blood, which forces the pancreas of the baby to produce more insulin. This leads to fat formation and as a result, the baby grows larger than normal. This condition of the baby makes the delivery stage extremely difficult and risky. 

4. Hypoglycemia

The risks of having low blood glucose are higher among babies with diabetic mothers. This is because, after delivery, the baby doesn’t get glucose from the mother but has high levels of insulin. These babies often need the support of an IV for glucose. 

Consulting a gynae doctor in Siliguri will help you in understanding the importance of lifestyle changes, medications, and blood sugar monitoring for controlling the risks of other health complications. You can also stay active and eat a balanced diet to prevent the risks of gestational diabetes. 

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